Posts Tagged ‘soil’

No-Dig Gardening: An Easier Way to Grow

February 9th, 2018 | News | 0 Comments

No-dig-gardening-tips-using-mulches

You dig, you toil, you reap the rewards. But just how necessary is digging? No dig gardening is gaining ground with gardeners across the world. So let’s explore the benefits of No-Dig gardening:

The Downside to Digging

The logic behind digging says that it should help incorporate nutriments hold in organic matter such as compost, as well as creating looser and fluffier soil for sowing and planting.

Digging and turning soil around however, disturbs all the insect life held in it. Setting back the natural processes that lead to healthy soil. Leave soil undug and organisms can thrive undisturbed, which is good news for plants. And it also allows more natural balance between soil pests and their predators.

Make new beds without digging

  • Clear the surface
  • Mow down grass and cut back weeds to the ground.
  • Add a thick layer of organic matter this will suppress the weeds beneath by excluding light. It also provides rich material for the roots to grow into.
  • A few months later, all weeds will have rotted down, and earth worms will have integrated the organic matter in the soil below.
  • If there are a lot of weeds on the ground you would like to grow, lay down a layer of cardboard before adding your organic matter.
  • Mark out parts between the beds using thick cardboard. This will help kill off the weeds between growing areas.

Mimic Mother Nature

Using materials like wood chips slows down evaporations and constantly feeds the soil below, so that no additional fertilizers are ever required.

  • Lay a thick layer of cardboard over clear ground.
  • Add compost.
  • Add a layer of wood chips of over 2 inches.
  • Make sure not to mix the two layers.
  • Push the wood chips on the side to plant into the compost beneath.

Mulches not Spades

Mulches cover the soil’s surface protecting it from erosion, locking in soil moisture and suppressing weeds. As they rot down, they add fertility into the soil, while at the same time improving its structure without the need to dig. Replace old mulch as it rots down or when it becomes incorporated into the soil, so that the ground is constantly fed.

You can also ad mulches around mature plants, or wait until the end of the growing season.

Suitable mulches include:

  • Compost
  • Leaf mold
  • Hay
  • Wood chips
  • Grass clippings
  • Straw
  • Sawdust

No-Till Gardens

These gardens fit in gardens of any sizes. Including small city plots. Aim for beds not wider than 4 feet and you’ll never need to step in the soil or in the beds. Through time your wees will become less and less as mulches weakens the weeds below. And because you are not digging, weed seeds in the soil below may never come to the surface to germinate. No-Till really does save you time.

 

 

These are just a few tips and ideas to embrace no-dig gardening. If you have any top tips that you can offer us let us know in the comments below or head over to our Facebook and Twitter page

Soil Health: How to Improve Your Soil

January 25th, 2018 | News | 0 Comments

Soil-Health-How-to-Improve-Your-Soil-gardening-tips

Healthy soil is the secret behind good harvests. Good soil provides moisture, nutrition and support for crops. Understand your soil type and you can work to improve it. Ensuring more robust plants and even better harvests. First of all, identify your soil type: Soil can be split in four distinctive categories: sandy, silt, clay or loam. Each soil type has its own characteristics:

Sandy soils

Are made of very large particles, which gives a gritty texture. They drain quickly, so seem to be dryer than other types. They also don’t hold on to nutrient very well, which can be challenging for hungry crops. However, they are easy to work with and warm up quickly in Spring. Root crops grow well in sandy soils.

Silt soils

Have smaller particles, giving them a slippery feel. This type of soil holds on to moisture and nutrients for longer.

Clay soils

They consist of very fine particles. Clay soil holds it shape when moulded into a ball and is smooth to the touch. It is slow to both absorb moisture and drain. This means that this type of soil can be hard in the summer and waterlogged in the winter, making them difficult to dig. However well cultivated clay soils are very fertile and are preferred by cabbage, beans, peas and salad leaves.

Loam soil

Loam soil is the ideal soil that gardeners dream off. It’s fertile, drains well but not too fast and is easy to work. It supports any fruit or vegetable.

 

Improving your soil

All soil types can be improved by adding organic matter. Organic matter can take many forms such as: leaf mold or garden made compost. When incorporating your organic matter to the soil, make sure to check for roots of weed to avoid future problems. Organic matter improves soil structure and nutriment content.

You can add organic matter at any time of the year. But the end of growing season is an especially good time. Spread your organic mater over your soil, it is not necessary to dig it in. Just leave it on the surface over winter. By Spring the worms in the soil will have done  a great job of incorporating most of that organic matter into the soil. Organic matter can also be laid around established fruit trees and around perennial vegetables.

You can also test your soil’s PH. Knowing your soil’s PH will help you to decide what to grow in it.

For example, particularly acidic soils is great for acid lovers like blueberry. While soil with an alkaline PH is preferred by cabbage and cauliflower. You can test your soil using a PH test kit.

 

 

These are just a few tips and ideas to help you get started with recycling and repurposing old items into new ones in your garden. If you have any top tips that you can offer us let us know in the comments below or head over to our Facebook and Twitter page

Enriched Garden Soil – Supercharge Your Soil This Spring

February 20th, 2017 | The vegetable garden | 0 Comments

Enriched Garden SoilSoil may not give us much to look at but when it comes to growing healthy fruits & vegetables, healthy soil is vital. Top-notch soil is the secret to successful harvests. Time to prime your soil for the growing season and we are here to help!

  • Adding organic matter – organic matter is the gardener’s cure to all, no matter what soil type you have. It will make heavy clay soils lighter & improve drainage. It will also retain both moisture & nutrients in sandy soils. Organic matter is simply decomposed plant or animal matter – garden compost, animal manure or leafmold. It will improve structure and feed the essential microbial life with it.
  • Lay organic mulch – if your soil has crops growing in it, you can spread organic matter as thick as mulch, deep in between plants. The worms will dig in the mulch for you improving the soil for the vegetables that will follow. Organic mulch can improve fertility and soil structure around perennial plants such as fruit trees, bushes and canes.
  • Consider no-dig growing – leaving soil undisturbed encourages a thriving soil ecosystem which can enhance growth. No-dig growing suits narrow beds, like raised beds – all cultivation is completed from the sides. This ensures there is never a need to step on soil and risk compacting it.
  • Go easy on winter weeds – by winter it’s too late to sow a cover crop or green manure, however many overwintering annual weeds will help to protect the soil from erosion and heavy rain. Weeds such as chickweed and bittercress, plus self-sown salads like winter purslane and corn salad will create a mat of foliage.
  • Plant a comfrey patch – get ready for the growing season by planting a clump of comfrey. Comfrey is a leafy plant with long roots that draw up minerals from deep in the ground. The leaves are full of plant-nourishing nutrients which can be cut and used for feeding your soil and plants.

If you’d like to find out more about each of these methods for super enriched garden soil, you can find more information in the video below.

GrowVeg – Enriched Garden Soil: Supercharge Your Soil This Spring

Enriched Garden Soil – Supercharge Your Soil This Spring!

How to fix compost problems

February 10th, 2015 | The flower garden, The vegetable garden | 0 Comments

wooden composterIn this video we give you tips on how to fix compost problems.  If you have smelly, slimy or slow composting bins then watch the video and learn how to turn your compost into something sweet smelling and nutritional for your garden.

Perfect compost has a fine texture and a sweet, earthy smell, a little like a forest floor.  Home-made mature compost is a valuable and free way of added vital nutrients back into your garden and so getting compost making right is a skill to learn!

Excess moisture in your compost bin is a common problem that makes your bin smell and is commonly caused by excess of grass clippings or other ‘fresh’ materials added to the heap that blocks out air circulation.  Good greens (fresh materials) and browns (dry materials) mixed at the right quantities enable good air circulation and good decomposition so try to get the mix right, or take steps to turn the contents of your compost bins in order to introduce enough air gaps to aid the rotting process.

An excess of grass clippings added to your compost can also cause it to be covered in a slimy mat of clippings that won’t break down, so don’t add too much at once.  Use excess grass clippings instead as a weed suppressing mulch on your beds.  Slow decomposition is often due to too much acidity in the heap – adding alkalinity through materials such as wood ash or lime will help bring the balance back to your heap and start the materials breaking down again.

Watch the video to learn more about these tips and more and get your composting technique perfected.