Posts Tagged ‘gardening advice’

What to do in the Garden in April

April 1st, 2017 | The flower garden, The vegetable garden | 0 Comments

April is perhaps the busiest month in the garden. With temperatures fast warming, it’s time to get all your plans in place for the season ahead (but don’t forget about Mr Frost, who can still catch you out!).

By this stage in the season you more than likely already have vegetable and flower seedlings to tend to, along with ambitions to get plenty more sown for a productive and colourful summer season.
Hardy annual flowers and vegetables can now be sown outside, directly where you want them to grow, reducing your work load.

April offers the ideal conditions for planting out a wide range of larger container plants, too. Perhaps you over-wintered last year’s sowings of herbaceous perennial plants. They can now be moved from cold frames and nursery beds and planted in their final positions.

Strawberry Sweetheart - AprilTrees and shrubs can also be set out this month to provide shape, structure and ‘backbone’ to your border and container displays. Hardy fruit trees, bushes, canes and runners can all be planted too. Strawberry runners for example are despatching from the nursery now.

With so much to be done this month, the question is how will you fit it all in to your schedule. Our breakdown of essential jobs for April, should help you get your plans and plants in order.
In the flower Garden/on the patio

April - Sweet peas from Mr Fothergill'sSweet peas sown last autumn or during the winter months should be ready for planting out this month. These tough scented climbers will cope with cooler soils and late spring temperatures, quickly establishing for a show stopping display of early summer colour. Just make sure to harden them off before planting, by placing them outside by day and back under cover each evening for a week or so. Then set them out in well prepared soil, with lots of added manure.
If you haven’t already sown sweet peas you really are missing out. These easy to grow climbers offer some of the best scent and colour for the garden (and for indoor vase displays). Fortunately they can be sown outside this month too.  If you don’t have space for the climbing varieties, try dwarf types such as ‘Patio Mixed’ or ‘Dwarf Explorer’.

  • Plenty of life left in spring containers and bedding displays

Spring bedding plants such as pansies, primrose and bellis, whether set out in the soil or in patio pots and baskets, should have enough reserves to carry on until late May when you can replace them with summer options. To ensure they go the distance, use these three top tips:

  • Deadhead: remove all spent flowers to prevent plants diverting their energy on setting seed. Removing flowers encourages more to develop, carrying colour through to summer.
  • Chop back: If plants have become straggly you can cut them back by half. They’ll lose their looks for a week or two but will soon be flowering again over neat and tidy foliage.
  • Offer a regular feed: With plants in full swing, offer a liquid feed every two weeks to support their growth and encourage the best looking displays.

 

Ornamental grasses from seed

Ornamental grasses add a touch of elegance to mixed summer borders, creating movement with their nodding seedheads, and going on to add autumn interest – the dried golden seedheads and foliage look stunning when caught by an autumn frost.
As you make your flower sowings this month, save some space for these classy border additions. Sow indoors or directly outside where they are to grow.
Top choices to try include Bunny tails (Lagurus ovatus,), cloud grass (Agrostis nebulosa), goldentop grass (Lamarkia aurea) and silky spike melic (Melica ciliate). For a winning mix of annual and perennial ornamental grasses try the Mr Fothergill’s Grasses Collection:

Hardy herb containers

grow new herbs - AprilWhile tender herbs need to stay on the windowsill, you can get creative with hardy herbs in the garden this month.  Not many gardeners have the luxury of a dedicated herb garden, but fortunately most hardy herbs grow under the same conditions and will thrive together in a mixed herb container.
Avoid traditional herb planters with side planting holes, unless you can be sure you’ll keep up with watering. These dry out very quickly and are hard to rewet fully. Instead, select a wide container and add a mix of herbs as you would a mixed summer patio container.  A 50:50 mix of multipurpose compost and loam-based John Innes no.3 is ideal for herb containers.  Top tip: Use a high nitrogen feed with low potassium levels when feeding herbs. This will encourage lots of leafy growth rather than flowers.

  • Deadhead spend spring flowering bulbs such as daffodils and tulips. But leave their stems and foliage to die back naturally, placing energy back into the bulbs for the best display next year.
  • Treat fences, sheds and other wooden structures with a paint or preservative before spring growth makes access difficult

 

On the veg patch

  • Successional sowing

When it comes to vegetable sowing don’t, do it all in one hit, this will simply lead to a glut of produce later in the year. Instead, adopt the successional sowing method – smaller batches of seed sowing done every two weeks or so, which leads to a constant supply of ready to pick produce through the season, with few gaps and no gluts.

April - Broad Beans AguadulceHardy vegetables to sow outside this month:

Broad beans
Beetroot
Brussels sprouts
Calbrese
Broccoli
Summer and autumn cabbages
Cauliflower
Chicory
Carrots
Leeks
Pak Choi
Parsnip
Radish
Spinach
Spring onions
Swede
Swiss chard

Also plant out onions sets and seed potatoes

  • Hand pollinate early fruit trees

Early flowering fruits such as cherries, greengages, nectarines and peaches will benefit from hand pollination, as it may be still too early for most pollinating insects to do the work for you. Use a small artist’s paint brush to gently transfer pollen from one flower to another.

 

In the Greenhouse/ on the windowsill

  • Focus on Half Hardy Annuals

With hardy annual sowings now being made outside, you can give windowsill and greenhouse space over to half hardy annuals that need a bit of extra warmth to get started. If this is not possible, wait until the second half of May and sow half hardy annuals outside where you want them to grow.

  • Plug plants

If sowing isn’t your thing, or you’ve simply run out of space already, our bedding and vegetable plug plant varieties become ready for despatch this month. Here we’ve done the finicky first-stage work for you, simply pot up our plug plants on delivery and grow on in frost-free conditions until ready to plant out in late May/early June. If you’ve got the space to grow them on, you can even set them directly into hanging baskets and patio containers, for effortless displays come summer.

  • Early start on summer herbs

It’s too early and too cold to think about sowing or planting tender herbs outside, but you can make an early start with your favourite flavour boosters this month by sowing small pots on a sunny windowsill.  Basil, coriander, oregano, chervil and other frost tender herbs can be sown every four weeks or so between April and July for consistent supply of succulent fresh leaves. If sowing your favourite herbs this way is too time consuming try the Mr Fothergills’ Pot Toppers – a range of popular herbs embedded into seed mats – simply fills a large pot with compost, place a seed mat on the surface, cover lightly with more compost and water in. With 3 x 20cm mats per pack you’ll have a full summer of fresh herbs ahead of you.

Greenhouse growers will already have their tender crops well underway, but if you grow tomatoes, peppers and chillies out in the garden, April is the ideal month to sow their seeds. This ensures that the plants will not get too big before planting out in early June, once all threat of frost is gone.April

Sow seeds in trays, modules or small pots of multipurpose compost and set on a warm windowsill or in a heated propagator, aiming for around 21C.  Turn off the heat and remove covers once the majority of seedlings are on show. Transfer individual seedlings

Greenhouse growers can now prepare greenhouse borders, or stock up on grow bags and containers ready to plant out or pot up tomatoes, chillies and peppers. Other things to plant in the greenhouse include watermelons, cucumbers, sweet potatoes.

  • Sowing sunflowers

There’s a simple pleasure in watching a towering sunflower develop through the season, especially when you’ve raised it from seed yourself. If you are looking to grow a giant this summer, it pays to start as early as possible, giving your plants the longest growing season. Sow seeds indoors through April, ready for hardening off in late May for planting out.

For the tallest plants try Sunflower ‘Giant Single’. For the largest flower heads and lots of edible seeds, try Sunflower ‘Titan’. For a shorter, decorative addition to your summer displays try Sunflower ‘Sunburst’, ‘Magic Roundabout’ F1 or ‘Little Leo’.

  • Keeping cool

On sunny days, greenhouses can quickly overheat- even this early in the season.  Prevent this with a three pronged approach:
1) Open vents and doors on hot days (think about fittings auto openers)
2) Put up shade netting or shade paint so vulnerable plants and young seedlings don’t frazzle on sunny days.
3) Damp down the floors and staging once or twice a day to raise humidity levels and bring the ambient temperature down.

 

What to prune in April

  • Stone fruit trees such as cherries and plums can be pruned now that the risk of contracting silver leaf disease has passed (it enters plants on winter rain).
  • Fig trees to can be pruned to keep their shape and size.
  • Check all shrubs and hedges for bird nesting activity before carrying out any pruning. If nests are spotted, wait until summer before trimming your plants – it is illegal to intentionally damage or destroy the nest of any wild bird whilst it is in use.
  • Winter-stemmed shrubs like Cornus and Salix should be cut back hard to encourage new shoots for next winter’s display.
  • If not already done, remove any dead foliage growth left on herbaceous perennials before new growth takes over.

 

Weed control

By mid spring weeds start to grow rampantly, annual weeds will be germinating freely in unworked soils, and perennial types will be setting down roots to really take hold.
Ideally dig out perennial weeds by hand, but be thorough. Many perennial weeds, including dandelion and couch grass, will regrow from the smallest piece of root left in the soil. If hand weeding is not possible use weedkillers responsibly, seeking organic options where possible.
The best way to keep on top of annual weeds such as chickweed and shepherds purse is to hose your border and veg patch soil at least once a week. Aim to do this on a sunny or windy day, so dislodged weeds wither on the surface – rainy weather can actually set them back into the soil!

Growing Leeks from Sowing to Harvest

March 27th, 2017 | The vegetable garden | 0 Comments

Growing Leeks

Leek Musselburgh – Hardy, reliable & versatile

Leeks are hardy, often trouble free & offer beautiful long stems from Autumn to Spring – at a time when other harvests are lacking. Now is the time to start sowing them so here are a few top tips on sowing leeks and how to take care of them until harvest. 

  • Leeks are hardy, and in most regions, they will sit through frost and snow, then be lifted as needed. You can prolong the harvest period by selecting different varieties. Early season leeks aren’t as hardy but will be ready to harvest in Autumn, mid/late season leeks will give you smooth stems for winter and spring.
  • Grow leeks in a sunny, open position in well-dug soil that’s had plenty of organic matter added to it.
  • Fungal disease rust can be a problem with leeks, to help combat it ensure that they are planted with plenty of air movement between them and look out for varieties described as rust resistant.
  • Early varieties of leeks can be sown under cover from late winter, others following on from mid Spring.
  • Leeks are usually sown in pots or trays of potting soil, then transplanted into their final position when they are big enough.
  • Sowing is easy – sieve potting soil into pots or trays, gently tamp down the soil. Then sow the seeds very thinly so they fall about an inch apart. You can also sow two seeds per cell in a plug tray. Cover them over with a thin layer of more potting soil. Keep the potting soil moist as the seeds germinate and the seedlings grow on.
  • Early sowings should be placed on a sunny windowsill or into a greenhouse where the warmth will encourage quicker growth.
  • As the seedlings grow, you can separate the seedlings out and pop them into individual pots.
  • When planting young leeks, make sure you’ve acclimatised them to outdoor conditions by leaving them outside for increasingly long periods over the course of 1 or 2 weeks.
  • They’re ready to transplant when they are around 6 – 8 inches. Begin by digging holes in the well-dug soil, they need to be the same height as the leek seedlings. Make one hole for each plant – the holes should be about 6 inches apart, with 1 foot between rows. Carefully remove the leeks from their pots and tease the roots apart, place them into the holes. Water the holes to the brim and leave them to drain. Don’t fill them in with soil.
  • Leeks are often easy to care for – water them in dry weather and keep the soil between the leeks weed free.

This is the beginning of the leek sowing process, the video below continues to discuss how to care for your leeks and how to harvest them when it’s time. If you have any further advice for growing leeks then please do let us know in the comments or on our social media.

You can also find our range of leeks here on the Mr Fothergill’s website.

Growing Leeks from Sowing to Harvest – GrowVeg

How To Grow Rhubarb Plant Crowns

March 10th, 2017 | The vegetable garden | 0 Comments

RhubarbPerfect for making a great British favourite, the comforting and homely Rhubarb crumble, our Suffolk-grown, 1-year-old crowns are freshly lifted from the seed bed and hand graded for quality. This post offers advice on how to grow Mr Fothergill’s rhubarb. 

  • When planting, ensure you don’t bury the new crown in soil because this is the part that will grow your new rhubarb.
  • Rhubarb doesn’t like being to wet or ‘mushy’.
  • Leave the crown just showing above the soil.
  • If you want to plant more than one rhubarb plant, then you need to plant them at least 1 metre apart. You would usually plant just one or two in your garden or allotment.
  • You must remember that rhubarb won’t come through for a few years, it’s not a quick growing plant but it is worth waiting for!

If you have any further tips on growing rhubarb, then leave us a comment on the blog or let us know on our social media.

You can buy our Rhubarb crowns on the Mr Fothergill’s website here. 

How to Grow Rhubarb Plant Crowns

How To Plant & Grow Asparagus Crowns

March 9th, 2017 | The vegetable garden | 0 Comments

Young asparagus crowns growing in raised bedsAsparagus is a very satisfying vegetable to grow in your own garden. But it does take time & patience to grow. In this short post, we will guide you through planting Mr Fothergill’s asparagus. 

  • Take the asparagus crowns from the sealed bag.
  • Make a trench, it must be wide enough to spread the roots out and give them room to grow. The trench must also be about 20 cm deep.
  • Within the trench, you’ll need to create a small ridge so that the asparagus can sit on top of these. The roots can then spread down the side.
  • Fill the trench back in and firm it down. It’s that easy!

Asparagus can take another two years to get a full harvest – but it’s worth the wait! If you have any further tips on planting and growing asparagus crowns, then you can let us know on this blog or over on our social media. You can buy our asparagus crowns on Mr Fothergill’s website here.

How To Plant & Grow Asparagus Crowns

 

5 Ideas to Help You Start Growing Earlier This Year [video]

January 16th, 2017 | The flower garden, The vegetable garden | 0 Comments

 Sweet peas all in a rowAre ready to get gardening even though it feels a little soon?  Well, we are here to help. In this video, you can find some top tips to help you start growing earlier this year.  Growing earlier means cropping earlier and so every little tip and trick will help.

  • Some crops can be sown and grown directly in the ground if they are offered some protection. Late winter is the best time to do this as the soil will be warmer than the depths of winter, and the days are getting longer offering more light.
  • Cold frames can be used to great effect to start off some vegetable crops.  Even though the temperature inside is not balmy, the difference is just enough for a lot of the more hardy crops.  Cold frames also offer protection from snows and wind to overwintered plants too.
  • Cover soil a week or so before sowing your seeds, this will allow the soil to dry and warm up a little before sowing.
  • You can create mini greenhouses from recycled plastic bottles.  Popped over the top of young plants will assist with growth early on when the weather can still be quite sharp.  The video below gives you instructions for creating mini greenhouses – a great way to reduce, reuse and recycle!
  • Other early varieties can be planted into a greenhouse or polytunnel.  Sown in pots, seed trays or cells, young plants will grow slowly and steadily until it is time to plant them out.
  • Some seeds must be grown indoors if they are sown earlier, this allows them to germinate and they can be moved outdoors at a later date.
  • In winter, if plants are being grown indoors you can use grow lights to allow seedlings to get enough light to grow healthily.

These are just a few tips to start growing earlier, there are plenty more in the video below. As always, if you have any more suggestions on how to start growing earlier, do let us know and help your fellow gardeners!

 5 Ideas to Help You Start Growing Earlier This Year

 As noted in the video, onions and shallots are great vegetables to start growing early. You can find our selection of onion and shallots here. Happy early sowing!