Growing Garlic from Planting to Harvest


Growing garlic from planting to harvest


Garlic is really simple to plant grow and harvest. Once planted, garlic needs very little attention. So no matter which variety you decide to go for, it should be straight forward!

Before you start, you should know that there are two types of garlic: “Hardneck” and “softneck”

Hardnecks produce flower stems or “scapes” which must be removed to encourage the bulbe to reach its full potential. The scapes themselves can be eaten in early summer, they are delicious when chopped in salads or stir-fried. This variety is more tolerant to cold weather

Softnecks don’t produce scapes, but store for much longer. Choose softneck garlic if you want plenty of bulbs to keep over winter


Where to grow garlic?

You should grow garlic in sunny location in fertile, well-draining soil. You can improve your soil by digging in plenty of well-rotted organic matter, such as garden compost a few months before planting.


How to plant garlic?

  • Plant your garlic in autumn, into prepared soil raked to a fine tilth
  • Begin planting by carefully breaking apart the bulb to separate out the individual cloves
  • Plant them pointy end up about 6 in apart, leaving a foot between rows.You can dig a trench or dig a hole for each clove
  • Cover them back over with soil so that the tips of the cloves are only just below the surface.
  • Water if the weather is dry, and weed between rows to keep the plants from getting swamped.

You can also grow garlic in containers, or in module trays for planting out in spring, if you live in a very cold region.



Your garlic is ready to lift when the leaves have begun to turn yellow or die down. Use a fork or trowel to ease the bulbs from the ground, then dry them out somewhere warm and airy. Once dry brush off any remaining soil, cut off the leaves and store in a cool dry place. Garlic bulbs can be kept for 3 months or more.


These are just a few tips and tricks to help you grow your own garlic. If you have any top tips that you can offer us let us know in the comments below or head over to our Facebook and Twitter pages.

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